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News of the Week, April 2010.

In This edition:

1. Video: Hare Dying in Hare Coursing!

2. The Ban Irish Fur Farms Campaign reaches the 10,000 signatures!

3. A Shock of Reality.

4. Barnardo Furriers court case fails again (Part 1) – 3 Court Cases, 3 Vindications. Part 1

5. Barnardo Furriers court case fails again (Part 2) – A Camera that Saw too much !

6. ALiberation now on facebook

Hair Dyes

Currently, there is no completely organic “permanent” hair colourant on the market. In order to have a dramatic colour hair change, the product needs to contain a certain amount of chemicals which penetrate the hair structure to fix the colour.

Conventional permanent colourants contain Ammonia, hydrogen Peroxide, resorcinol, persulfates, among others. But perhaps the most controversial ingredient in hair colourants is p-Phenylenediamine (PPD).
Found in permanent dyes, it has been linked to allergic reactions, from low to severe. During the 20th century, allergic reactions to PPD became such a serious problem that it was banned from hair dyes in Germany, France, and Sweden. These countries have now allowed it to make up 6 per cent of a product.

Beside causing damaged hair and destroying hair follicles, use of hair dye containing these chemicals has been linked to allergic reactions, respiratory disorders and even non-Hodgkin lymphoma, multiple myeloma and bladder cancer.

◄ Ongoing studies ►

Many scientists and natural health care practitioners believe that the chemicals in permanent hair dyes are easily absorbed into the body via the scalp and become then concentrated in the bladder. Dark hair dyes are of particular concern because they contain a much higher concentration of chemicals than the lighter dyes.

Many scientific studies have been made on chemical hair dyes, and are still ongoing. Most studies contradict one another, sometimes finding links between hair dyes and bladder cancer, sometimes reassuring consumers that there is no risk of getting a cancer when using hair dyes.

But two results seemed consistent throughout all of the years of studies:

  • Women who use dark hair dye for a long period of time, especially before the 80s, showed an increased risk of developing two cancers of the immune system: non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma.

  • Hairdressers and barbers show to be exposed to an increased risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and leukemia.
Although it is unsure what effects hair dyes have on the health, what is certain is that ALL conventional hair dyes and their ingredients found on the market have been and continue to be thoroughly tested on nonhuman animals.

If you want to colour you hair, there are 2 types of cruelty free and vegan hair dyes available in health food stores:

Plant based permanent hair dyes (still contain some chemicals)
100% chemical free plant based hair dye.

◄ Plant based permanent hair dyes ►

So far, one company* offers plant based permanent hair dyes that are free of ammonia, peroxide and resorcinol. They are also enriched with soy, corn, wheat and coconut derivatives to give hair shine and nourishment.
Note that they still contain low amount of PPD (except semi-permanent range).

Using these dyes will not completely remove the risk of suffering an allergic reaction or other side effects, but these brands are suitable for vegans and also operate a fixed cut off date animal policy.

This brand is available at health food stores:
Daniel Field (Fixed cut off date: 1982)

* Two other companies that we are aware of may offer plant based permanent hair dyes that are not tested on animals. However, they have not as of yet responded to our emails to confirm their FCD. Until they do, we cannot add them to the list. These companies are Herbatint and Naturtint.

◄ Chemical free hair dyes ►

If you want to stay away from synthetic chemicals, two types of colouring plants are generally used to colour hair with a gentle and natural approach, since they contain no synthetic chemicals whatsoever*.
These plants are indigo and henna.
As well, none of these natural hair dyes have been shown to cause cancer or other harmful effects as they have been used intensely since around 3400 BC.

Unlike a synthetic chemical-based hair colour, herbal hair colours do not penetrate into the hair structure, but rather form a protective film on every individual hair strand. Add to this the nourishing plant based ingredients and the result is expressive colour, shine and volume, without the structure of the hair being attacked.

Other colouring plants include cassia obovata, senna, turmeric, amla, as well as katam, black walnut hulls, and leeks.

Three companies offer chemical free hair dyes. We rate their hair dyes the best, safest, and most ethical products available on the market:
Sante Naturkosmetik.

Tip: Avoid using metal bowls or utensils for mixing, as they can react with the natural chemicals present in the henna.

* The colour change will not be drastic, since no chemicals are used, so do not expect to have black hair if you are blond, or blond if you are dark haired.

◄ Daniel Field ►

Daniel Field Organic and Mineral Hairdressing was founded in 1988 by Daniel Field.
They are known for their herbal hair care and hair colouring products.
They also offer a range of personal care products such as face, body and oral care.

Ammonia and hydrogen peroxide-free permanent & semi-permanent hair colourant range is suitable for vegans.
Range of 23 colours.
Products/Ingredients not tested in animals (Fixed cut off date: 1982).
100% recycled and recyclable packaging.
Minus point: contains a small amount of PPD.

Note: Daniel Field Natural Lights Highlighting Kit is not suitable for vegans as it contains honey.

More info on their products:‪‪‪‪‪‏‏‪‪‪

    Where to buy:

    All Nourish health food stores
    Dublin Nutri Centre (27 Georges Street Market Arcade, D2).
    Down to Earth health food store. (George Street, D2).
    Can be ordered online in Ireland at:

◄ Lush ►

Lush offers hair colour that is 100% chemical free, only made with henna, indigo, essential oils, cocoa butter and other plants.

All their hair dyes are vegan.
A little bit tedious and messy to apply but offers excellent results.
Available in 4 colours ( black – red – chestnut – dark brown).

How to apply on the hair: Lush cacas review.

More info on their products:‪‪‪‪‪‏‏‪‪‪
Lush Henna Hair Dyes.

    Lush Stores are located in:

    116 Grafton Street, Dublin 2.
    33 Henry Street, Dublin 2.

◄ Logona ►

Logona offers a semi-permanant herbal hair colour that is 100% chemical free, only made with certified organic henna, cassia, walnut, buckthorn and hibiscus and natural plant colourants.

It comes as a powder to be mixed with hot water and prepared in a similar way to natural henna colourants.

All their hair dyes are vegan.
Free of ammonia, PPD, resinols, or any other chemical.
Suitable for covering grey hairs (except black shade)
Available in 10 shades, last from 6 to 8 weeks.
Products/Ingredients not tested on animals (Fixed cut off date:1998).

View all colours and ingredients:

    Where to buy:

    Down to Earth health food store.
    Fortuna irish online shop (

◄ Sante Naturkosmetik ►

Sante Naturkosmetik offers a semi-permanant herbal hair colour that is 100% natural, only made with certified organic henna, cassia, walnut, buckthorn and hibiscus and natural plant colourants.

It comes as a powder to be mixed with hot water and prepared in a similar way to natural henna colourants.

All their hair dyes are vegan.
Free of ammonia, PPD, resinols, or any other chemical.
Suitable for covering grey hairs (except black shade)
Available in 10 shades, last from 6 to 8 weeks.
Products/Ingredients not tested on animals (Fixed cut off date:1998).

◄ More info ►

    Health Risks of Chemical Hair Dyes.
  2. WebMD Health News:
    Hair dye linked to blood cancer.
  3. CFSAN/Office of Cosmetics and Colors:
    Hair dye products.
  4. Organic Consumers Association:
    Europe Bans 22 Hair Dye Chemicals.
    Can Hair Dye Cause Cancer? By Andrew Weil.
    The Henna page.
    Indigo hair dye.

◄ Henna ►

Henna is the powdered leaves of the plant Lawsonia Inermis, that grows abundantly in eastern countries. It has a natural, vibrant red colour that coats hair to add lots of shine.

Henna has been used since 3400 BC and is a proven safe method for dying hair and skin. Depending on the colour desired, henna will be mixed with other colouring ingredients such as coffee for a more brownish colour, and indigo for a darker colour.

◄ Indigo ►

Indigo comes from the plant fera tinctoria.

It is a green powder like henna and produces a blue/black dye, and is often called black henna.
However, it is not henna, as henna only produces a red colour.
Indigo is used in the same way as henna.

◄ Pick your chemical ►

These chemicals below are among the most commonly used in conventional hair dyes, but the list is not complete.

Ammonia is used to make the hair cortex swell.
This causes the cuticle layer on the outside of the hair strand to rise up, allowing the pigment molecules to lodge inside the hair structure, dyeing the lightened hair to the shade selected. Repeated applications will weaken the hair as ammonia has a drying effect on hair.

Ammonia irritates the skin, eyes and respiratory system, and can cause asthma and breathing difficulties.

Resorcinol is classified by the European Union as harmful, an irritant to eyes and skin and dangerous for the environment.

Persulfates are also toxic when the fumes are inhaled, causing asthma and lung damage.

Hydrogen peroxide:
Hydrogen peroxide is used in hair bleaches. It is corrosive, and has been banned from cosmetic use in Japan and restricted in Canada.

◄ Other names for PPD ►

PPD or PPDA, Phenylenediamine base, p-Phenylenediamine, 4-Phenylenediamine, 1,4-Phenylenediamine, 4-Benzenediamine, 1,4-Benzenediamine, para-Diaminobenzene (p-Diaminobenzene), para-Aminoaniline (p-Aminoaniline), Orsin™, Rodol™, Ursol™, 2 - Nitro - 1,4 - diaminobenzene, Dye GS, Durafur Brown 2R, Fouramine 2R, 1,4 - Diaminonitrobenzol (German), 1,4 - Diamino - 2 - nitrobenzene, C.I. Oxidation Base 22, Fourrine Brown 2R, NCI - C02222, 4 - Amino - 2 - nitroaniline, 2 - Nitro - 1,4 - benzenediamine, Fourrine 36, o - Nitro - p - phenylenediamine, 2 - Nitro - 1,4 - phenylenediamine, Nitro - p - phenylenediamine, 2 - Nitro - p - phenylenediamine, Oxidation Base 22, Ursol Brown RR, C.I. 76070, Zoba Brown RR, 2 - Nitro - 4 – aminoaniline.

◄ They said it ►

"Studies raise some questions about the safety of hair dyes, but at this point there's no basis for us to say that hair dyes pose a definitive risk of cancer.
In the final analysis, consumers will need to consider the lack of demonstrated safety when they choose to use hair dyes."
John Bailey, Ph.D., Director of FDA's colors and cosmetics program

"The major issue is not whether the products' current contents may or may not cause cancer.
The issue is that permanent hair dyes all use an oxidizing process that will create new chemicals that are not in the original dye.
The oxidizing process will create compounds that will cause cancer.
The concern isn't over the compounds in the products, it is the oxidizing process of permanent hair dyes."
Yale researcher Tongzhang Zheng, ScD.

◄ Meet The Baddies ►

Three corporations dominate the hair colour market :
Procter & Gamble,
Schwarzkopf & Henkel.

L’Oreal owns Garnier.
P&G owns Clairol and Wella.

All these brands below are NOT suitable for Vegans, as the companies behind them are heavily involved in animal testing.

Clairol (P&G) = Born Blond,Herbal Essences, Hydrience, Lasting colour, Loving Care, Natural instincts, Nice'n'Easy.

Wella (P&G) = Shaders & Toners.

L'Oreal = Casting, Couleur Experte, Color Pulse, Excellence Creme, Feria, L'Oreal Professional, Open Color, Perfect Blonde, Recital Preference, Soft-sheen Carson, The Body Shop.

Garnier (L'Oreal) = 100% Color, Belle Color, Movida, Nutrisse.

Schwarzkopf & Henkel = live, Nordic Colors, Poly Blond, Vital.

Alberto Culver = Alberto VO5, .

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